The Status of the Sustainability of Gonggong Snail (Strombus Canarium)
Population in Ecological Dimension at Aquatic of Dompak Village Riau Islands
Suryani Fitri Anggraini
Mahasiswa Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, FIKP UMRAH, firstname.lastname@example.org
Dosen Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, FIKP UMRAH, email@example.com
Dosen Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, FIKP UMRAH, firstname.lastname@example.org
The purpose of this study was to determine the ecological conditions of gonggong snails at aquatic of Dompak Village of Riau Islands seen from the water conditions, type of substrate, fishing technology, and the size of the catching, and to know the status of the sustainability of gonggong snails on ecological dimension at aquatic of Dompak Village of Riau Islands. This research method uses a survey method and determination of the sampling point used the purposive sampling method. Assessment of sustainability status population of gonggong snails on ecology dimension uses each score attribute ecological dimension and adapted to the sustainability category if the value of the index 0,00 to 25,00 category was not sustainable, 25,01 to 50,00 was less sustainable, 50,01 to 75,00 was quit sustainable, and 75,01 to 100 was very sustainable.
The results of measure water parameter was obtained water salinity ranged from 30.6 to 32,3 ‰, water temperature ranged from 30,1 to 30,3 °C, DO ranged between 6,5 to 6,7 mg/l, pH ranged 7,97 to 7,91. Substrate found is muddy sand, mud, and sand. Fishermen catch gonggong snail by picking up, diving and trawl, and catch size of gonggoong snails ranged from 49,9 to 61,2 mm.
Ecological conditions of gonggong snails in Dompak Village shows quite good and support for the life of the gonggong snails population. The Status of sustainability of gonggong snails population on ecology dimensions can be seen from the four variables that catch technics with an index value (77,6) as very sustainable, then substrate with an index value (66,7) is quite sustainable, water conditions (63,9) is quite sustainable, and the size of the catch (61,1) is quite sustainable.
Keywords: Sustainability, Ecological Dimension, Gonggong Snail (Strombus Canarium)